2019's great Android update should be a special – it will be the tenth full version of the world's most used operating system. The upcoming version, to be called Android 10 (code-named Android Q), has already leaked and gives us a good picture of what to expect. Although it is not a dramatic visual change, there are many sweets to look forward to.
Google has recently started referring to Android versions without the usual "point-0" suffix, so we expect Android 10 to simply be called "ten." As for the dessert code name, there are not many choices that begin with the letter Q (Qurabiya? Quindim?), But a sponsored name like Android Quik is not excluded.
While we don't know much about the name or nickname, we know an extra amount about the actual update, thanks to the people's XDA getting their hands on a leaked building of the upcoming release. There are integrity enhancements, a new dark mode, and even a chance that major system updates can start shooting through the Google Play Store, so there's a lot to dig in.
1. System-Wide Dark Mode (Finally!)
Back in 2017, before Android Pie was released, an Android user asked Google about about implementing a system-wide dark mode on Android. Their reasoning was that with the advent of OLED panels in smartphones, including this feature was an easy way to improve battery life. To everyone's surprise, a Google responded as follows:
Our engineering team added this feature. It will be available in a future Android version.
Later that day, Google killed the hype by stating that the dark mode "added" was actually a switch in development options that change the look of the Quick Settings, Power menu, App box (when using Pixel Launcher) and Google-developed apps that implement a dark theme, such as Messages, YouTube and Phone.
Of course, that was a bit of a disappointment. But the hype is up again, because Android Polis detected the following message in a Chromium bug tracker:
Dark mode is an approved Q feature … The Q team wants to make sure that all preinstalled apps support dark mode native. In order to send a dark position, we must have all UI elements to be ideally themed dark in May 2019.
At that time, we were cautiously optimistic when the comment was made on October 31, 2018, and could have abandoned when Android 10 (Q) came around. But thanks to a leaked building obtained by XDA, we can now confirm that it is here. ” width=”532″ height=”532″ style=”max-width:532px;height:auto;”/>
On the "Display" menu in Settings, by selecting "Set Dark Mode", you can turn on a dark theme throughout the system, off or have it automatically arrived based on the time of day ( very similar to the dark position we got in Android 9).
There are two important differences between Android 10 dark mode and the half baked in Android 9. First, it will make all system apps dark, unlike the Android 9 version only works in selected Google apps. Second, with an extra setting enabled in development options, it can even make third-party applications dark. This will basically only invert the colors of third-party apps, so it may not be perfect in some apps, but it will ensure that every app on your phone gets dark when dark mode is enabled.
2nd No More Back Button
For better or worse, with Android 9 Pie, Google killed the traditional three-button navigation system that existed for years on Android. These buttons were partially replaced by gesture controls, which reduced the total buttons to two: a back button and pill that replaced the home and new app buttons.
This change came about at the same time as iOS gesture controls and of course the Internet compared the two with most reviewers, hailer the iOS version as superior. It seems that Google has heard this, like according to XDA, they can once again change the navigation buttons.
According to XDA, Google can remove the back button in Android 10 and replace it with a left swipe of the pill to return. Additionally, Google seems to change the transition animation when cycling apps, making it much smoother in the overview mode or when you go back to previous apps by swiping directly on the pill icon.
3rd APEX (System Store via Play Store?)
Imagine you don't have to wait for operators or phone manufacturers to roll out an OTA update before you can access the latest Android features. Instead, much of the updates would come directly from Google as soon as they were available, perhaps through a simple app update in the Play Store.
According to XDA, an expansion of APEX ("application express") in Android 10 could lead to such a scenario. At least, it seems that Google will change how the libraries are updated in the new version. Libraries are precompiled code prompted by other applications such as Android apps. In earlier versions of Android, these libraries required a software update to be updated.
With Android 10, these libraries can now be updated in the same way as an app. While the complete enhancement of this change is still not known, it appears on the surface that it may mean that a great deal of system updates can be downloaded on the Play Store. In a perfect world, it would mean that most of the Android updates would be available to all users almost immediately.
4th Boot GSIs without unlocking Bootloader
Project Treble helped deliver faster Android updates to devices without Pixel. Another benefit of this change was that developers were able to flash generic system images (GSIs) on all Project Treble-enabled devices to get the latest Android version and test how their apps worked on it. However, it required an unlocked boot loader, which is not possible on some phones (such as many portable phones).
According to XDA, Android 10 introduces a new project called "Dynamic Android." This allows developers to install a GSI temporarily on a device, without having to unlock the boot loader. Developers no longer need an emulator to get the latest software update and test how the latest software update affects their app. Instead, they can test it on their device, whether their bootloader is unlocked or not.
There are obvious implications here – this feature can benefit the custom ROM community if Google implements it in a way that allows ordinary users to take advantage of the feature. While it would probably require a device shipped with Android 10, you can imagine a future where you can start LineageOS as a dynamic Android GSI without having to unlock your phone's boot loader.
5th No more Android Beam
If you asked to remember the last time you used Android Beam, remember? It seems like this can be the case for many Android users, which would explain why Google could get rid of it in Android 10.
XDA noted commitments in the AOSP depreciation Android Beam API in Android 10. While the feature was much more useful when first launched, much has changed since then. Unnamed: The benefit of sharing large files easily with file sharing app or Bluetooth has limited its usage, and it appears (even though we're not completely secure). Google thinks it's no longer needed.
While Google removes the feature, it still leaves to manufacturers to decide whether or not Android Beam should be. When OEM users add support for NFC, they must also declare support for Android Beam. How many OEMs continue to support this feature is anyone's guess, but it looks like the end of days comes to Android Beam.
6. Digital Wellbeing in Chrome
Digital Wellbeing, the new hub introduced in Android 9 Pie to protect you from your phone may become a new home in Android 10. According to AndroidHeadlines, Digital Wellbeing was found in the Chrome browser. No, the function does not move. Instead, the same app boundaries and tracking can now be applied to your web browsing. This feature also eliminates a solution where your Instagram usage has expired for the day, and you use the browser to continue using the social media platform.
7th Better Authorization Management
Again, Google continues its efforts to protect its users from malicious apps and malicious software with Android 10. Based on a leak obtained by XDA, Android 10 will contain more control over permissions. Now you can specify that apps can only access certain sensors and permissions while actively using them. For example, you can allow Google Maps to access your location while the app is open, but block site access when Google Maps is closed.
The information page for individual permissions has also been updated, making it easier to understand temporary users. With the help of Android 10, you can see whether apps have access to a license and who you have denied. It will also list which state is most in demand and which state is most used, so that you can make a trained decision on how sensors are used by apps installed on your phone.
8th New Privacy Indicators
Just as Android 9 made significant pressure on improving user privacy and security, based on a leaked building obtained by XDA follows Android 10 in its footsteps.
When an app actively uses your GPS, camera or microphone, an icon will appear in the status bar to notify you. If you press the corresponding message, you get a popup listing all the apps that use the sensor, including a button that will take you to a new page for more information. This is something new for mobile operating systems, and it shows how committed Google is to protecting its users from the dangers of the web.
ninth New "Sensors Off" Switch
Android 10 will also contain a new "Quick Settings" of sensors. According to XDA, this plate seems to disable all radios and activate the flight mode.
XDA speculates that this can also turn off sensors such as accelerometer, gyroscope and others. If it turns out to be true, this would be one of the first times that a mobile phone gave this access, which could help fight the fear of the most privacy-guarded individuals.
10th Block background plug accessories
One of many advantages of rotating is the ability to better manage how much access app has. For example, you may not be aware, but every Android app can read and change your clipboard. Currently, the only way to change this action is with apps like AppOpps, a framework that allows you to manage these hidden permissions.
Android 10 will finally change this default permission. According to XDA, the new version limits which apps can be read in the clipboard in the background. While this change is not as significant as it would have been three years when the AutoFill API did not exist (meaning you probably used the clipboard to keep your password to log in to accounts temporarily), it improves the protection of users and continues Google's commitment to improving the integrity and security of the platform.
In Android, data is stored on either internal memory or external storage space (microSD cards and USB devices). apps get permission to access external storage, they can read and write a file.This setting has the potential to be abused, because apps can use this option to access the data they do not need access to.
Android 10 changes this by the introduction of new permissions. According to XDA, with Android Q, you will now be able to grant or deny the following permissions for apps: the ability to read locations for your media, the ability to access music files, the ability to access photos and the ability to access videos
For apps that already have the ability, the external storage state is limited to only one read permission instead of both reading and writing
In Android 8.0 Oreo and 9.0 Pie, Google has made great strides to limit the application's ability to access your site in the background. This change came as a way to prevent malicious apps from tracking a phone position that is not known to users.
However, the change damages well-intended apps, as it prevented them from mapping your location in the background. Instead, they had to wait for the user to open the app and then collect your position and prevent the experience.
In Android 10, Google revises this policy again. According to XDA, the apps can collect your site in the background again. However, users are better warned thanks to the improved licensing system, which will tell when an app always has access to the site, even when you are not using the app and will allow you to change this setting.  13. Third Party Application RCS Messages (Update: May Not)
RCS or Rich Communication Services have been slow in rollout. This is mainly due to the number of independent components that must change their parts of the chain of RCS messages to work outside their network.
In addition to allowing interoperability with the Jibe Cloud and their work on Universal Profile, Google has made its role with Android by adding support for the new messaging service in Android Messages. Unfortunately, this is one of the only programs that support the feature.
According to XDA, Android 10 will include APIs to open the new standard for third-party developers. This means that your favorite subtitle program can soon include the RCS iMessage style message. This will also help spearhead RCS eventually replace SMS and MMS and the text messaging standard. These APIs are still in their early stages, but a developer commented on a code he intended to implement the RCS API in Android 10.
Update February 22, 2019
It seems that Google can change this change. According to 9to5Google, a commitment called "Hide RcsMessageStoreAPI" was found to "hide" the new RCS API that would be used by third-party developers. There is also a message attached to the change, which reads:
This feature is punctured from Android Q
If it turns out to be true, we may have to wait until Android R or S before RCS- Messages are available from any other app except Android messages. This is a disappointment, as with third party app support, the adoption of this improved message standard would be higher.
fourteenth Desktop mode?
We have seen that both Samsung and Huawei add the ability to use Android in a desktop-like experience with either a dock or a cable, but it looks like they will not be alone for too long. XDA found a setting to "Force Desktop Mode" in Developer Options in Android 10, with a description reading "Force Experimental Desktop Mode on Secondary Screens." XDA could not test this feature, but based on the description, it appears that Android gets built-in support for desktop mode.
15th New options in availability
XDA also reports that Android 10 made some changes in availability. There are two new options in the Accessibility menu, "Time to take action" and "Time to read." The former seems to handle the duration of snack bar messages, allowing you more time to see and interact with them.
"Time to read" controls how long the managers are prompting messages and other messages "asking you to take action, but it is only visible temporarily." Like snack bars, these can be extended to a duration of up to two minutes to You should have the necessary time to interact with them.
16th Small changes in the environment display
The function for always display has been slightly tweaked in layers Android 10. According to XDA, the setting has been moved to from under "Ambient view" to "Lock screen display."  Visually, the battery and message icons no longer appear during the clock and date. Instead, they are displayed in their respective corners along the status bar, similar to when the phone is unlocked. There is also a function flag that lets your current background appear on it always on the screen.
17th Carriers Can Exclude Phones
According to 9to5Google, four commitments have been published that focus on the carrier's ability to limit devices. Especially in Android 10, operators can now create a whitelist and a black list of phones for their networks, making it difficult for some unlocked phones to be used with their cellular service.
New restrictions will also mean -SIM phones. With Android 10 devices, operators can restrict the second SIM location from activating until an approved SIM card is in the first slot. This restraint also applies after restarting the phone or if you do a factory reset.
18th Support for Safe Face Lock
Face Detection has reemerged as a popular biometric for smartphones. Apple's iPhone X was the first phone to combine multiple sensors, including a spot projector and IR lighting, to create a method that was both safe and fast. And with most technologies in the smartphone industry, the competition was quick to replicate, creating both less secure methods (like those found in OnePlus phones) and nearly identical copies from Huawei and Xiaomi.
But the Android OS doesn't "include built-in support for biometric face recognition, and consequently, the safer iterations must work with Google to customize Android, making them less effective than they could be.
According to XDA, however, the next version of Android will add built-in support. In Android's 10th Framework-Res APK, lines discussing an error message was discovered when a device lacked facial recognition hardware, but even more interesting were the code lines that discussed how to configure face recognition. as the fingerprint scanner they describe the need to create a password, a PIN code or a pattern as a backup, which suggests that the system will set up a form of biometrics that is trusted by Google and can be used in any place where a fingerprint was (pending that developers add support for their apps.
19. Built-in screen recorder
According to 9to5Google, Android 10 will add a built-in screen recorder to complement the built-in screen capture feature of the operating system. Like the screen dump feature, this is an important privilege for privacy, as screen recording apps have been a breeding ground for malware. While masking as a screen recording app, malicious developers have used these apps to record your screen in the background and use this information for financial incentives. With a built-in screen recorder, you no longer need to rely on third-party apps.
20th Emergency button
The power menu receives a new button, emergency. According to 9to5Google, Android 10 will add a new button to start the emergency number. This way you can quickly call 911 or other emergency services in a pinch.
21st Support for WPA3
Wi-Fi standards and versions can be confusing. There are versions previously labeled with letters (such as 802.11ac) and are now identified by numbers (such as Wi-Fi 6) that indicate the speed and performance of the wireless connection. Then there are security standards (such as WPA2) that indicate the type of protection available to prevent hackers from accessing your network or your internet connection. The latter is what Android supports in Android 10.
The latest security standard is WPA3 and it provides much improved security to Wi-Fi. WPA3 introduces simultaneous acceptance of equivalent (SAE), which replaces WP2's distributed key. SAE is a new way your router can determine if your phone can access your network. Until 2016, Pre-Shared Key was considered secure until Key Reinstallation Attacks (KRACK) was discovered, making Wi-Fi networks based on WPA2 vulnerable (although a repair was later sent out in the form of a security patch).  WP3 also supports 192-bit encryption, up from 128-bit encryption in WPA2. This is an optional feature but can massively benefit schools and organizations that require the highest level of protection. WPA3 also makes open Wi-Fi networks safer by using "individual data encryption" even when on an open Wi-Fi network.
With 5G just around the corner, Android needs to be ready for the upcoming wave of 5G-supported devices and networks. Currently there is no indication for when the phone is using a 5G network. But 9to5Google discovered both 5G and 5G + indicators in the Android 10 code, so this is no longer a problem.
23rd New system for fonts, accent colors and icon shapes
Android 10 will include a number of overlay categories to change the appearance of apps and the system interface. These categories include fonts, accent colors and icon shapes. The most interesting of the gang is icon shapes. These can now be changed everywhere – not just the app box and the home screen. Icon shapes will also change the appearance of the Quick Setting plates. Unfortunately, it is likely that these features will only be available to OEM users as a method of customizing their skins without building a custom user interface, but users may be able to activate these changes with root.
We continue to update this article as new changes become known. What do you think of Android 10 so far? Are you excited about the new update? Let us know in the comment section below.
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