Android's biggest update 2019 is a special – it's the tenth full version of the world's most used operating system. The upcoming version, to be called Android 10 (code-named Android Q), is currently in beta, and we've been weeping in it for the past two months. While the update is not a dramatic visual change, there are many sweets to look forward to.
Google has recently started referring to Android versions without the usual "point-0" suffix, so we expect Android 10 to be called just "ten." As for the dessert code name, there are not many choices that begin with the letter Q (Qurabiya? Quindim?), But a sponsored name like Android Quik is not excluded.
While we do not know much about the name or nickname, we have investigated new features in the beta version since the developer preview 1
first System-Wide Dark Mode (Finally!)
Back in 2017, before Android Pie was released, an Android user asked Google about to implement a system-wide dark mode on Android. Their reasoning was that with the emergence of OLED panels in smartphones, including this feature was an easy way to improve battery life. To everyone's surprise, a Google responded as follows:
Our engineering team added this feature. It will be available in a future Android version.
Later that day, Google added hype by stating that the dark mode was actually a switch in development options that changed the look of Quick Settings, the power menu, the appbox (when using Pixel Launcher) and Google-developed apps like implements a dark theme, e.g. messages, YouTube and phone.
At that time, we were cautiously optimistic. But with Android 10 Q in hand, we can confirm that Dark Mode is finally here!
In the final version, the setting should be under the "Display" menu in Settings. Here you will find the new option "Set Dark Mode", which will contain three settings, activate dark mode, turn off dark mode or switch automatically based on the time of day (very similar to the dark mode we got in Android 9).
There is a key factor between Android 10 dark mode and the semi-baked in Android 9: it will make all system apps dark, unlike the Android 9 version only works in selected Google apps.  With the first developer preview building, the option "Set Dark Mode" is not yet present. Instead, users who update from Android 9 with the previously half-baked dark mode will be enabled to get dark, while others will get light mode. There is an ADB command to set it manually, but we expect this to change to a user-oriented option when Android 10 is officially released.
2nd The back button is gone
Google has finally gone all-in with gesture control and has made a change that is likely to split society. The back button is gone. Instead of Android Pies navigation buttons, which were an elongated home button and a back arrow, there is a thinner home button and nothing else. To go back, Android chooses to use the popular gesture found in many third-party apps. To seep from either the left or right edge of the screen to the center will act as a back button from now on.
3. APEX (System Store via Play Store?)
Imagine you don't have to wait for operators or phone manufacturers to roll out an OTA update before you can access the latest Android features. Instead, a lot of the updates would come directly from Google as soon as they were available, perhaps through a simple app update in the Play Store.
According to XDA, an expansion of APEX ("application express") in Android 10 could lead to such a scenario. At least, it seems that Google will change how the libraries are updated in the new version. Libraries are precompiled code prompted by other applications such as Android apps. In earlier versions of Android, these libraries required a software update to be updated.
With Android 10, these libraries can now be updated in the same way as an app. While the complete enhancement of this change is still not known, it appears on the surface that it may mean that a great deal of system updates can be downloaded on the Play Store. In a perfect world, it would mean that the majority of Android updates would be available to all users almost immediately.
4th Support for folding phones
Several foldable phones have already been announced this year, with rumors of some more before the year ends. Each of these phones will use Android, which currently does not support the new form factor.
Android 10 adds built-in support for foldable files and the many orientations it can show in. Therefore, despite the various ways Huawei, Samsung, and Xiaomi have implemented the bendable display, the operating system will be able to work with it, giving one seamless experience in each case.
Project Treble has helped deliver faster Android updates to non-Pixel devices. Another benefit of this change was that developers could flash generic system images (GSIs) on all Project Treble-enabled devices to get the latest Android version and test how their apps worked on it. However, it required an unlocked boot loader, which is not possible on some phones (such as many portable phones).
According to XDA, Android 10 introduces a new project called "Dynamic Android." This allows developers to install a GSI temporarily on a device, without having to unlock the boot loader. Developers no longer need an emulator to get the latest software update and test how the latest software update affects their app. Instead, they can test it on their device, whether their bootloader is unlocked or not.
There are obvious implications here – this feature can benefit the custom ROM community if Google implements it in a way that allows ordinary users to take advantage of the feature. While it probably requires a device that comes with Android 10, you can imagine a future where you can start LineageOS as a dynamic Android GSI without having to unlock your phone's boot loader.
6th Live Caption
With Android Q, you can watch a video you can activate captions for at any time. Without using the internet, Android 10 can listen locally to the video and create real-time closed captions. This amazing feature is possible thanks to Google utilizing the local machine learning capabilities of the phones to decipher languages. And this works over OS including web content and third-party apps, not just Google-developed apps.
] 7. Smart answer
Smart answer will finally be available to all messaging applications in Android Q The feature that Gmail users have had since 2017 will utilize the same machine learning capabilities included in smartphones to determine an appropriate response based on the warnings you receive on your phone. The reactions can even add emojis.
In addition, Android can also predict your next move. For example, if someone sends an address, one of the suggested answers will be to open Google Maps. With a button, you can instantly launch Google Maps to that address and save extra details.
8. Focus mode
With focus mode, you can temporarily disable distracting messages. Once enabled, you can choose to disable alerts from any app installed on your phone. Before turning off focus mode, you will not receive messages from these apps to avoid distractions.
If you asked to remember the last time you used Android Beam, remember? It seems like this may be the case for many Android users, which would explain why Google seems to get rid of it in Android 10.
In the first developer preview, Android 10 built, Google removed this feature. While the function was much more useful when first launched, much has changed since then. Unnamed: The benefit of sharing large files easily with file sharing app or Bluetooth has limited its usage, and it appears (even though we're not completely secure). Google feels it's no longer needed.
While Google deletes that feature, they still leave to manufacturers to decide whether to keep Android Beam. When OEM users add support for NFC, they must also declare support for Android Beam. How many OEMs continue to support this feature is anyone's guess, but it looks like the end of days comes to Android Beam.
10. Digital Wellbeing in Chrome
Digital Wellbeing, the new hub that was introduced in Android 9 Pie to protect you from your phone may become a new home in Android 10. According to AndroidHeadlines, Digital Wellbeing was found in the Chrome browser. No, the function does not move. Instead, the same app boundaries and tracking can now be applied to your web browsing. This feature also eliminates a solution where your Instagram usage has expired for the day, and you use the browser to continue using the social media platform.
eleventh Better Access Management
Again, Google continues its efforts to protect users from malicious apps and malicious software with Android 10. The new version includes more control over permissions. Now you can specify that apps can only access certain sensors and permissions while actively using them. For example, you can allow Google Maps to access your location while the app is open, but block site access when Google Maps is closed.
The individual access information page has also been updated, making it easier to understand temporary users. By borrowing from the appearance of Digitial Wellbeing app, Android 10 makes it easy to see what permissions an app has access to and which it does not. It will also list which state is most in demand and which state is most used, so that you can make a trained decision on how sensors are used by apps installed on your phone.
For permission requests, site permissions have provided us with an additional option. While you are authorized to allow or deny other rights, you may limit the use to the foreground only.
By selecting "Allow only when the app is used", you can restrict malicious programs from recording your location in the background. It also works as an intermediate option, between instantly and not trusting the app with your location and completely trusting the app with this information. At least now you have to open the app before it collects data, limiting the damage it can cause.
Because smartphone users become younger and younger, it is important for parents to be able to monitor how children use their devices correctly. With Family Link, a child's phone can be viewed directly from a parent phone under the Digital Wellbeing option. Here you can review apps and approve who is on the phone, set daily limits for how long they use the phone, see how much time has been spent on individual apps and set up bedtime to force them from their phone.
Parents can even set app timers to specific apps, limiting how long children spend on specific apps and giving them bonus time when they're good. With these tools you can protect your child's digital well-being and protect them from possible dangers on the internet by having more control over what they do and how they do it.
13. New "Sensors Off" Switch
Android 10 will also contain a new "Quick Settings" of sensors. According to XDA, this plate seems to disable all radios and activate the flight mode.
XDA speculates that this can also turn off sensors such as accelerometer, gyroscope and others. If it turns out to be true, this would be one of the first times that a mobile phone gave this access, which could help fight the fear of the most privacy-conscious individuals.
fourteenth Block the background platform access
One of many advantages of rotating is the ability to better manage how much access applications have. For example, you may not be aware, but every Android app can read and change your clipboard. Currently, the only way to change this action is with apps like AppOpps, a framework that lets you manage these hidden permissions.
Android 10 will finally change this default permission. According to XDA, the new version limits which apps can be read in the clipboard in the background. While this change is not as significant as it would have been three years when the AutoFill API did not exist (meaning you probably used the clipboard to keep your password to log in to accounts temporarily), it improves the protection of users and continues Google's commitment to improve the integrity and security of the platform.
In Android, data is stored on either internal memory or external storage space (microSD cards and USB devices). apps get permission to access external storage, they can read and write a file.This setting has the potential to be abused, because apps can use this option to access the data they do not need access to.
Android 10 changes this by the introduction of new permissions. According to XDA, with Android Q, you will now be able to grant or deny the following permissions for apps: the ability to read locations for your media, the ability to access music files, the ability to access photos and the ability to access
In Android 8.0 Oreo and 9.0 Pie, Google has made great strides to limit the application's ability to access your site in the background. This change came as a way to prevent malicious apps from tracking a phone position that is not known to users.
The change still damages well-intended apps, as it prevented them from mapping your location in the background. Instead, they had to wait for the user to open the app and then collect your position and hinder the experience.
In Android 10, Google revises this policy again. According to XDA, the apps can collect your site in the background again. However, users are better warned thanks to the improved licensing system, which will tell when an app always has access to the site, even when you are not using the app and will allow you to change this setting.  17. Desktop Mode
We have seen that both Samsung and Huawei add the ability to use Android in a desktop-like experience with either a dock or a cable, but it looks like they will not be alone for long . A new setting in development options called "Force Desktop Mode" lets you connect your phone to an external monitor and interact with apps in free-form mode. According to XDA, in order to use this feature, you must run the following ADB command after enabling the switch:
adb shell is start -n "com.google.android.apps.nexuslauncher / com. Android. launcher3.SecondaryDisplayLauncher "
However, if you downloaded non-GMS Android Q image for Android Studio, you would use this command instead:
adb shell is start -n" com.android.launcher3 / com. android. launcher3.SecondaryDisplayLauncher "
Remember that Mac and Linux users must use" ./adb "instead of" adb. "
18. Freeform Windows
Android Q borrows from Samsung and includes freeform windows to stock Android. These windows are small rectangles superimposed on other apps. Unlike the Picture-in-Picture mode, which is limited in size, you can increase these windows to any size you need, and it does not require the app to include support.
At the writing time you can only have a free form window open at a time. These windows can be of any page in the app and are not limited to video like PiP.
We've all been there. We changed the Wi-Fi password, and now everyone in our household asks the new password. You may have written it to them before, but this is dangerous, because SMS is unencrypted and can be captured during transmission. Also, if they do not delete the message from their phone (and you yourself), anyone who has access to their text messages now has your password.
Android 10 fixes this by adding the ability to share your password with a QR code. These secure codes can be scanned by iPhone and Android users (even older Android versions) so they can directly connect to the Wi-Fi network without ever knowing the password. This feature also requires authentication (such as your fingerprint or password), protects you if someone takes the phone and tries to share this information.
According to 9to5Google, four commitments have been published that focus on the ability of operators to limit devices. Especially in Android 10, operators can now create a whitelist and a black list of phones for their networks, making it difficult for some unlocked phones to be used with their cellular service.
New restrictions will also mean -SIM phones. With Android 10 devices, operators can restrict the second SIM location from activating until an approved SIM card is in the first slot. This restraint also applies after restarting the phone or if you do a factory reset.
21st Support for Safe Face Lock
Face Detection has reemerged as a popular biometric for smartphones. Apple's iPhone X was the first phone to combine multiple sensors, including a spot projector and IR lighting, to create a method that was both safe and fast. And with most technologies in the smartphone industry, the competition was quick to replicate, creating both less secure methods (like those found in OnePlus phones) and almost identical copies from Huawei and Xiaomi.
But the Android OS doesn't "include built-in support for biometric face recognition, and hence, the safer iterations must work with Google to customize Android, making them less effective than they could be.
According to XDA, however, the next version of Android will add built-in support. In Android's 10th Framework-Res APK, lines discussing an error message was discovered when a device lacked facial recognition hardware, but even more interesting were the code lines that discussed how to configure face recognition. as the fingerprint scanner they describe the need to create a password, a PIN or a pattern as a backup, suggesting that the system will set up a form of biometrics that is trusted by Google and can be used in any place where a fingerprint was (pending that developers add support for their apps.
22. Built-in screen recorder
Android 10 will add a built-in screen recorder to complement the built-in screen capture feature of the operating system. Like the screen dump feature, this is an important privilege for privacy, as screen recording apps have been a breeding ground for malware. While masking as a screen recording app, malicious developers have used these apps to record your screen in the background and use this information for financial incentives. With a built-in screen recorder, you no longer need to rely on third-party apps.
The power menu receives a new button, emergency. Android 10 will add a new button to start the emergency number. This way you can quickly dial 911 or other emergency services in a pinch.
Wi-Fi standards and versions can be confusing. There are versions previously labeled with letters (eg, 802.11ac) and are now identified by numbers (such as Wi-Fi 6) that indicate the speed and performance of the wireless connection. Then there are security standards (such as WPA2) that indicate the type of protection available to prevent hackers from accessing your network or your internet connection. The latter is what Android supports in Android 10.
The latest security standard is WPA3 and it provides much improved security to Wi-Fi. WPA3 introduces simultaneous approval of equivalent (SAE), which replaces WP2's distributed key. SAE is a new way your router can determine if your phone can access your network. Until 2016, Pre-Shared Key was considered secure until Key Reinstallation Attacks (KRACK) was discovered, making Wi-Fi networks based on WPA2 vulnerable (although a repair was later sent out in the form of a security patch).  WP3 also supports 192-bit encryption, up from 128-bit encryption in WPA2. This is an optional feature but can massively benefit schools and organizations that require the highest level of protection. WPA3 also makes open Wi-Fi networks safer by using "individual data encryption" even when on an open Wi-Fi network.
With 5G just around the corner, Android must be ready for the upcoming wave of 5G-supported devices and networks. Currently there is no indication for when the phone is using a 5G network. But 9to5Google discovered both 5G and 5G + indicators in the Android 10 code, so this is no longer a problem.
While for years you could change shapes of icons via your own startup programs, it was limited to only icons placed on the home screen and in the app box. In Android 8.0, Pixel Launcher even added support for new icon shapes along with the Adaptive icon feature. If you prefer the look of "teardrop" or "squircle", you would lose that look while you are in Settings and other areas.
With Android 10, Google finally adds the ability to make this a system-wide change, and it comes with a small bonus. Unlike launchers like Nova, which can only change the icons for apps, the new feature also adapts the look of the Quick Settings plates. Prior to Android 10, this feature was exclusively for custom ROMs and was an easy way to distinguish your phone from the audience.
In addition to the Quick Settings plates, app icons are displayed everywhere that will contain the change (as long as they support adaptive icons), including the overview menu (multitasking user interface) and the Share menu. There are currently four options: Standard Circles, Teardrop, Squircle and Rounded Rectangles (which match the new look of Android Q quite well).
System-wide adaptive icons were not the only new customization feature added to Android 10. You can also add system-wide accent colors, labeled as "themes" in the Developer Options menu.
With themes, you change the color of active quick settings, brightness, active switches in Settings, and more. There are currently four colors to choose from: blue (standard), black, green and purple.
Based on some XDA extractions, it seems that these theme options are actually different from a new app coming to be pre-installed on Pixel devices running Android 10. The app, which is called Pixel Themes will include new accent colors, font changes, and icon forms currently available in development options. This also means that Google as an app can update this with new options, giving stock Android very necessary customization options that were found only in custom ROMs.
When you see that your phone has X% battery left, you will not tell when your phone will die. While you can calculate based on the percentage (for example, if you have 5% battery life, you should probably run and find a charger), it will be a bit more difficult for a percentage not close to 100% or 0%. Knowing the time of your phone's battery death can help you make decisions when you are in the pinch and a charger is not nearby.
In Android 9 Pie, Google introduced Adaptive Battery, a feature that used machine learning to learn your battery consumption habits) and optimize the system to match your phone usage. For example, if you open "Gmail" first in the morning for 10 minutes, Android will place it in a higher app standby "bucket" at the time you need it active. It will also put a rarely used app at this time in a lower bucket, limiting its background disk synchronization and battery consumption.
With all this information, Android got much better to decide when the phone will die, for the next half an hour. In Android 10, Google places that information in front of and in the center. If you have the battery indication indicator enabled in the status bar, when you pull down the notification screen once (showing the first six tiles in the quick settings), the next battery icon will be the calculated time when the phone will die. This time will be adjusted based on usage to improve accuracy.
With machine learning analysis of your battery consumption, your Android phone also knows if you would usually charge your phone during the day. In Android Q, if it decides that your battery will die before reaching this regular charging time, it can automatically turn on the battery saver – how cool is it !?
When listening to music, the usual playback controls are usually not enough. I can think of several times I want to listen to a certain verse or part of a song and needed to stop what I did, unlock my phone and use the progress bar in my music app to rewind to the exact point I wanted to listen to.
Android 10 changes this by updating the music control messages to include a song progress bar. Under de vanliga uppspelningskontrollerna kan du också bläddra igenom din favoritlåt via skrubben. Som vanligt är anmälan tillgänglig även på låsskärmen, så att du flyttar till en viss sektion med bara några detaljer.
För dem som sidlöser appar, är du mycket bekant med installationsprompten. En mestadels vit sida som hade namnet på appen och en installationsfält som visar framstegen. Du kanske aldrig har tänkt på det, men det finns mycket bortkastat utrymme där.
Apparaten överensstämde uppenbarligen och ändrade den för Android 10. Nu, istället för en hel sida, visas en popup med samma information.
I tidigare versioner av Android kunde meddelanden interagera med att använda en svepning i båda riktningarna. I Android Oreo expanderades dessa gester för att inkludera åtkomst till en undermeny som låter dig hantera meddelanden om du avslutade din svep tidigt (dvs lång svepning för att avvisa, korta svepning för att se alternativ). I den här undermenyn var möjligheten att snooze individuella meddelanden eller stänga av en specifik typ av meddelanden via meddelandekanaler.
Åtkomst av denna undermeny var inte det enklaste av gesterna eftersom det krävde en partiell svep åt vänster eller höger. Detta skulle ofta resultera i oavsiktlig uppsägning av anmälan om du svepte för snabbt.
Med Android 10 ändras gesterna. I stället för en partiell svep, gör Android nu en svep till vänster automatiskt åtkomst till undermenyn, medan svepningen till höger kommer att avfärda anmälan. Dessutom kan du anpassa den här gesten till omvänd ordning (rätt för alternativ som lämnas för att avfärda).
Android 9 Pie gjorde en djärv förändring av hur volymvippen fungerade genom att göra volymen av volymen som standardåtgärd. This was a huge win for those in the Android community who had been asking for this for years. But Google isn't stopping there. With Android 10, Google is making all volume levels even easier to access.
Instead of having to enter Settings for some volume levels, you can now manage the volume of your media, calls, ringer, and alarms from any screen. After pressing the volume rocker to bring up the volume menu, choose the icon at the bottom of the menu. This will bring up a new popup which provides access to each of the manageable volume bars found in the Settings.
This one is a small change. Android made a minor tweak to the battery icons in the status bar. Instead of the empty portion being gray, it is now fully transparent with a white outline.
Android has always prioritized multitasking. Since its inception, it's always been easier than other mobile OSes to manage the multiple alerts which arrive on your smartphone. Android 10 will continue this tradition with a new feature known as bubbles.
Bubbles are small icons that can be overlaid over other apps. Once selected, these icons give you quick access to interactions within the app. One example of this is Android Messages. With bubbles, you can continue a conversation with specific contact without having to open the Android Messages app each time. While there's already some inline messaging functionality with notifications, bubbles make interaction even easier, as they operate as a mini version of the app that you can access at any time.
36. Directional & Zoomable Microphones
Developers now have access to a new MicrophoneDirection API which lets them specify a specific direction of the microphone when recording audio. For example, a voice recording app can now direct the microphone nearest your mouth (using the gyroscope to detect the orientation of the phone) for clear recording. Additionally, this same API gives your microphone zooming capabilities, allowing apps to control the recording field dimension.
With the search bar in Settings is a new Google Account button. Similar to Gmail, you can select this icon to switch accounts (if you have more than one Google account synced to your phone), access emergency information, jump into the "About Phone" page, manage Google Pay, and configure your Google Account.
When Android 5.0 Lollipop launched, it introduced an animation which faded the colors of your screen to a black and white monochrome when you turned the display off. It was removed after Android 5.1 Lollipop because it caused a memory leak problem.
With Android 10, it's back and better than ever. Not only does your phone fade to monochrome when the screen turns off, but it fades back into color when the screen turns on. It's quick and a little hard to notice, but watch the screen when you hit the power button. It turns monochrome before it goes black. It then it fades from monochrome to full color when you turn the screen on.
We will continue to update this article as new changes become known. What do you think about Android 10 so far? Are you excited about the new update? Let us know in the comment section below.
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