There are currently 27 Animoji available to choose from on iOS 13, but you're not limited to Apple's animated emoji characters – you can make your own. They are called Memoji, an available feature since iOS 12, and they are highly customizable.
Think of Memoji avatars as personalized Bitmoji which acts as a Snapchat filter. Functionally, they are the same as Animoji, except that you can customize many aspects of their appearance. So you can make your Memoji look like a cartoon version of yourself, then you can use your iPhone's TrueDepth camera to bring your Memoji caricature to life.
Memoji can be used in Messaging, FaceTime, Contacts, Mail and other apps ̵1; as long as you have an iPhone X or later with Face ID technology and the TrueDepth camera. If you have an iPhone with a Home button, you can still create a Memoji, but your options are more limited. For example, you cannot animate the character and you can only use Memoji stickers for them.
Step 1: Open the Memoji Editor
There are a few ways to start creating a custom Memoji and in the traditional way is through the Messages app. But you can also create them from the Contacts app, FaceTime, Mail, Twitter and other apps where you can use Memoji stickers. If you turned off Memoji stickers on the keyboard, you would only see Memoji's available in Contacts, FaceTime, and Messages.
In the Messages app, in any call, select the monkey Animoji icon from the app box. If the app drawer is not visible, click the App Store icon next to the text box. From there, slide the card up to see Animoji on full screen and tap the blue plus sign (+). Instead of suspending the card, swipe right to access the big blue plus (+) sign button in the Animoji carousel. Either way, the editor will open.
In the Messages app box, touch the Memoji Stickers icon, which has three Memoji characters on it. Again, if the app drawer is not visible, click the App Store icon next to the text bar. Then click on the blue plus sign (+) or ellipse (•••) at the top left of the small row at the top of the card. If you do not see that line, pull down on the card to remove it. Pressing the plus sign (+) opens the editor immediately. If it was an ellipse (•••), tap "New Memoji" from the action sheet.
Option 3: From any app that supports Memoji stickers (any iPhone)
Whatever iPhone model, you can create Memoji characters from your keyboard. In an app like Notes, Email or Twitter, make sure the keyboard is open and then press the Emoji icon to open the Emoji keyboard.
Next, in the section Often used you should see some Memoji stickers. If you only see standard emojis, you can have it turned off, but only in iOS 13.3 and later because there was no way to disable it in previous versions. To re-enable it, go to Settings -> General -> Keyboard and turn on "Memoji stickers" under Emoji .
In Frequently used tab, press ellipsis (•••) button. Then it's just like doing it in the messaging app. Touch the blue plus sign (+) or the ellipse (•••) at the top left of the small row of characters at the top of the card. If you do not see that line, pull down on the card to remove it. Pressing the plus sign (+) opens the editor immediately. If it was an ellipsis (•••), press "New Memoji" from the action sheet.
Option 4: From Contacts (All iPhone)
If you want to make Memoji an avatar for you or another person, you can on iOS 13 and later. You can do so from either the Contacts app or the Contacts tab of the Phone app. Select the contact, whether you or anyone else, then press "Edit" in the upper right. Then click "Add Photo" or "Edit" under the profile icon or just touch the image itself, then press the blue plus sign (+) under the section Animoji . For a thorough look at this method, check out our guide on how to create Memojis for contacts.
Things are relatively self-explanatory in the Memoji editor, so there's not much to do discussing here. You just play with all the avatar customization options until you get to what you want. Here are all the things you can check:
- Skin: color, freckles, cheeks (type and color), beauty spots.
- Hairstyle: color, style.
- Brows: color, style, brow mark (style and color), brow piercing (style and color).
- Eyes: color, style, eyelashes, eyeliner (style and color), eye shadow (style and color).
- Head: age, shape.
- Nose: shape, nose piercing (style and color).
- Mouth: lip (type and color), teeth, mouth piercing style and color), tongue piercing (style and color).
- Ears: type, earrings (style and color), sound (headphones style and color).
- Facial Hair: sideburns, mustache and beard (style and color).
- Eyeglasses: glasses (style and color), eye patch (style and color).
- Headgear: style and color.
When selecting colors, You can use the slider to make fine-tuned adjustments to the color you selected, if you want a different shade. After making all your selections, press "Done" to complete and save your new Memoji.
From here you can use your new Memoji as either an animated character in Messaging and FaceTime and / or as a Memoji sticker for all apps that support them.  Option 1: Animated Memoji (iPhone X & later)
In the Messages app, if you have an iPhone X or later, you can hit the Animoji icon in the app drawer, select your Memoji, press the red mail button to record up to 30 seconds and the blue send button to send it as a video file. You can also hit the red trash to remove it and start over. For FaceTime, open the menu in a video call, press "Effects", then the Animoji icon in the app drawer. Choose your Memoji and that's it.
Option 2: Memoji stickers (All iPhones)  Anyone with an iPhone running iOS 13 or later can use Memoji stickers. In Messages and FaceTime, select the Memoji sticker icon in the app drawer, select your base memo, and then select one of the static sticker options. In messages, they send as image files. In FaceTime, they are attached to a location in the video feed, so you can pin them on your face and see how they move with you, and you can hit "X" next to them to remove them.
In other apps, you can use Memoji stickers from Emoji -tangentbordet. From the Frequently used tab, select a new Memoji sticker or press ellipsis (•••) to see more. If you see more, choose base Memoji from the upper carousel, then the sticker you want and there you go. In some cases, you may need to press a send button to exit.
Step 4: Edit your memoji (when necessary)
If you want to go back and make changes to your Memoji, it's easy to do. You can't make changes to FaceTime, but you can from messages and all apps that work with Memoji stickers. Just make sure the Memoji you want to edit is highlighted, touch the ellipsis icon (•••) and then select "Edit". Make your changes and then press "Done" to exit.
You can make more than one memoji – as many as you want, as far as we can tell. And even if you can't use any animated versions of your Memoji on iPhones with Home buttons, you can at least use Apple's standard sticker package for each.