July 31 marked the end of$ 600 Federal Weekly Unemployment Benefit – and there is no benefit or extension in place yet. President Donald Trump signed an executive order on Saturday to extend the additional extra weekly funds to a reduced amount of $ 400.
“I’m taking steps to provide an additional $ 400 per week in extended benefits,” he said during a news conference at his golf club in Bedminster, New Jersey. “States will be called upon to cover 25% of the costs through existing funding such as the tens of billions of dollars available to them throughrelief fund. Under this plan, states will be able to offer greater benefits if they choose, and the federal government will cover 75% of the costs. “
Along with the repayment of the improved unemployment benefit, Trump also signed, for a payroll tax vacation, federal student loan assistance and eviction protection. To date, no date has been set for when these executive orders will take effect or if they will be challenged by Democrats.
The weekly $ 600 benefit, included in the Pandemic Unemployment Compensation Program, was a popular feature of the original coronavirus legislative package that expanded federal unemployment benefits to help those affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. With(which stands for health, financial assistance, liability protection and schools) as officially proposed, .
Update: The current political context and prospects
On July 29, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and President Donald Trump spoke to reporters about the current status of an agreement with the Democrats.
“From now on we are very far apart and because of this the President and we have discussed a short-term expansion of UI [unemployment insurance] and the drafts so that we have some time to negotiate before it ends, ”Mnuchin said.
California lawmakers are currently working on a plan for the state to raise the extra $ 600 when negotiations continue in Congress, according to the Los Angeles Times on July 28.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Sunday confirmed that both Democrats and Republicans are on the same page in the second stimulus check, but not on the $ 600 improved unemployment.
“We’ve been for $ 600,” she told ABC’s This Week. “They have a $ 200 proposal that does not meet the needs of working families. But $ 600 is important. It’s important for working families in the United States. And, again, giving up, respecting their motivation is so amazing, how insistent Republicans are. “It’s about a working family and their $ 600 and how cavalry they are for other money that goes out.”
In a caucus conversation on Monday, Pelosi said there will probably be no deal this week, according to a tweet from Politico reporter Heather Caygle.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Republican from Kentucky, said Tuesday that he is open to reintroducing the $ 600 weekly bonus.
“The American people ultimately need help, and wherever this matter is decided between the President of the United States and his team, who must sign it into law, and the democratic, insignificant minority in the Senate and the majority in the House is something I am prepared to support. although I have some problems with some parts of it, “he told reporters, according to The New York Times.
Trump tweeted on Thursday that his staff is working on an executive order on payroll taxes, drafts, student loans and unemployment extensions.
On Friday, negotiations between Democrats and Republicans broke down after a “disappointing” meeting described by Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, according to a CNBC report.
“I have said they will return when you are ready to give us a higher number,” House Speaker Pelosi told reporters.
Treasury Secretary Mnuchin and White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows said on Friday that they would recommend Trump move forward with an executive order to deal with improved unemployment, drafts and student loans. No timeline was provided, but they said they would move “as fast as we can.”
What efforts are underway to increase improved unemployment benefits?
The Congress Democrats have continued to push for an extension of the unemployment benefit. The Hero Act, which was passed by the House of Representatives in May but not adopted by the Senate, would have extended the FPUC until January 31, 2021. It would also have paved the way for a second stimulus payment.
The Workers’ Relief and Safety Act, proposed in a democratic sense. Michael Bennet and Jack Reed and rep. Don Beyer, would extend unemployment benefits until Trump declares the COVID-19 emergency is over. At that time, the benefits would continue for another 30 days and then end. Those who are still unemployed would still receive weekly funds, but the amount would be reduced over 13 weeks depending on the unemployment rate in each state.
Both proposals have been opposed by Republicans, including Senator McConnell. GOP leaders have taken issue with rising unemployment, saying it discourages workers from returning to their jobs. Senator Lindsey Graham said in April that approval of unemployment benefits would be passed “over our dead bodies.” McConnell said on July 6 that the next relief proposal could include onefor those who earn $ 40,000 a year or less.
Mnuchin told Bloomberg on June 23 that another stimulus proposal is being discussed. However, he said it would focus on the companies most affected by the pandemic.
On July 1, the Senate Democrats introduced a bill to extend unemployment to March. The available money would be linked to state unemployment. When a state’s three – month average unemployment rate falls below 11%, the amount of aid would be reduced by $ 100 until the average falls below 6%.
What is the HEALS Act?
The White House and Republicans in the Senate have now agreed on the terms of a support package. The proposal, called, was introduced by McConnell on July 27. The $ 1 billiard package deals with several programs created or modified by the CARES Act, such as unemployment insurance, the Paycheck protection program, and the financial income.
Not all details were made available immediately, but the GOP has proposed reducing the improved unemployment benefit from $ 600 per week to $ 200. Then, in September, the benefit would be adjusted and combined with the state’s unemployment benefits to 70% of a worker’s salary.
If Congress decides to reintroduce a federal unemployment benefit bonus – in any amount – it will likely take two to four weeks before payments flow to states and then recipients, according to the Economic Policy Institute. So far, the proposal has been introduced only in the Senate. Democratic congressmen are currently negotiating with the GOP for information on the plan.
What is the CARES Act?
Congress passedin March to help Americans and American businesses after cities began to be shut down due to the pandemic. The package included additional unemployment benefits for people who lost their jobs due to the pandemic.
Since the introduction of on-the-spot protection rules, tens of millions of Americans have received the extra federal unemployment benefits. With states providing between $ 235 and $ 1,220 per week in aid, the additional $ 600 per week has been an important part of many people’s economic lifeline.
Who was entitled to increased unemployment?
If you have been fired or covered,. When the state approves your claim, you can receive the state benefits you are entitled to. Because states cover 30% to 50% of a person’s salary – some states give more while others offer less – they added an extra $ 600 from the federal government to help fill the gap.
How does the CARES law help people who have been fired or competed?
Each state has its own criteria for who is entitled to unemployment – and what these benefits mean. This includes how much money you are entitled to receive, which is usually based on your income and how long you are entitled to receive it, which is usually based on how long you have had your last job. The CARES law provided a booster fund – which adds up to $ 600 extra per week – and also extended the states’ unemployment benefits to a maximum of 39 weeks instead of the typical 26 weeks.
How is the unemployment benefit calculated?
The state decides how much each applicant should receive, usually based on an individual’s gross income. It varies from state to state but is usually between $ 300 and $ 600.
How can I find out if I am entitled to unemployment benefits?
The eligibility criteria vary from state to state, but the general rule is that you should apply if you have lost your job or have exceeded your own fault. This would include a job lost directly or indirectly to the current pandemic.
How do different states handle this?
Again, the duration and amount of the benefit varies. Most states provide up to 26 weeks of funding, although others, such as Georgia, limit the benefits to 12 weeks. On the other hand, Delaware will provide benefits for up to 30 weeks. The weekly amount depends on the applicant’s gross income when they were hired and ranges between $ 300 and $ 600, with a few exceptions. Mississippi pays up to $ 235, while Massachusetts’ highest is $ 1220.
Where can I find more information about my state’s policy?
Each state’s employment office provides more information about its special unemployment benefits.
How does the CARES law help self-employed people?
The CARES Act also created the Pandemic Unemployment Program, which provides benefits to individuals who would not normally be entitled to unemployment benefits from states such as gamblers, freelancers, independent entrepreneurs and small businesses whose incomes have been affected by the pandemic. According to the CARES Act, PUA funding will be available until 31 December 2020.