Answer: Moore's law
Moore's law is a principle in the computer industry where the number of transistors packaged in integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years.
The law is named after Gordon E. Moore, an early semiconductor component engineer, who described the trend in a 1965 computer power future paper published in Elektronik Magazine . He tracked the pattern of increasing power before the year that the paper was written and predicted that the trend of computer power doubling each year would continue into the future. Later, he revised his calculations in 1975 to a more modest doubling of power every two years.
In addition to explaining computer development in the proposed proposal, Moore's law became a guiding principle for the industry. Development schedules and timetables for product delivery were structured around it, which further reinforces the perceived accuracy of Moore's predictions. For that purpose, it has become something of a self-fulfilling prophecy that competitors in the microprocessor industry turn to the next iteration of Moore's law.
It is important to note that while it may be called "Moore's Law", it is hardly a law in the sense of how we understand laws in physics, for example. Doubling power is no guarantee starting in the 2010s, chip makers have had to invent and drive the boundaries of technical boundaries, using new materials and new patterns, to keep increasing chip speeds.