Microsoft offers desktop and server versions of Windows. At first glance, Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 look like, but all have different uses. Windows 10 stands out every day, while Windows Server handles many computers, files and services.
Windows 10 and Windows Server Share Similar code
If you upload a clean copy of Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016, it would be easy to confuse the two first. They can have the same desktop, same start button and even the same task view button. They use the same core and can run the same software on an ongoing basis. For example, you can install Google Chrome or Microsoft Office on both.
But the similarities stay there. Microsoft designed Windows 10 to be used as a desktop that you sit in front of, and Windows Server as a server (that's right there in the name) that runs services that people access through a network. While Windows Server has a desktop option, Microsoft recommends installing Windows Server without a graphical user interface (or deleting it) and only leaving one command line to the job, reducing the overhead required to run the server. This includes a push to select Nano Server, which releases the GUI and local login capabilities instead of using much less space than standard Server installation.
Windows Server contains the server software
If you have a GUI enabled, a moment after Windows Server opens a Server Manager program that shows the first distinct difference in the two operating systems. Here you can add server-specific features such as Windows Deployment Services, DHCP services, and Active Directory Domain Services. These features allow the use of a remote operating system for other machines, the creation of static IP address for client machines, control of a network domain for connection to other computers to a domain, and creation of domain users. Functions like these are not available for Windows 10, but you can install third-party applications such as the Apache web server.
Windows Server also supports features like SMB Direct for faster file sharing, greater support for rendering file systems, the only way to get similar features without Server is to use Windows 10 Pro for workstations.
Servers are designed to work together, so you can have a server that meets one or two of the roles above and another server takes on other roles to spread the work.
Windows Server Supports Advanced Hardware
Windows Server also supports more powerful hardware. While Windows 10 Pro has a maximum limit of 2 TB of RAM, Windows Server 24 allows TB. A desktop user is unlikely to even consider such a large amount of RAM, but servers can take advantage of their larger RAM capacity, between managing many users, computers, and potential VMs via Hyper-V.
Windows 10 has a limit on processors as well. The Windows 10 Home Edition supports only one physical CPU, while Windows 10 Pro supports two. Server 2016 supports up to 64 outlets. Similarly, a 32-bit copy of Windows 10 supports only 32 kernels, and the 64-bit version supports 256 kernels, but Windows Server has no kernel limit.
To get something closer to these features, you would need to use Windows 10 Pro for workstations, which support 4 processors and 6 TB of RAM.
Windows Server is locked
Like the Windows 10 LTSB branch, Windows Server has several features that have been removed. You will not find Cortana, Microsoft Store, Edge or Timeline. Instead of Edge, Windows Server still uses Internet Explorer, and it is locked to prevent normal browsing. When we downloaded Google Chrome, we need to add exceptions to all Google URLs to complete the download. The added security of Windows Server makes it known on almost all websites visited through Internet Explorer.
Windows Server does not support logging in with a Microsoft account, so you cannot include your settings on it from another computer. Instead, you must either sign in with a local account or a domain account. While Windows 10 Home finally gets a pause update feature, Windows Server can disable updates completely through group policy (which can be Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows LTSB).
Windows 10 is the known desktop server
while Windows 10 lacks server-specific features, it does so in other areas. Windows 10 updates come faster and more often it has features like Timeline and Cortana missing on Windows Server, and it is not so locked. Installing new software, especially downloaded from the Internet, requires some hoards to jump through and your settings will bring you from one machine to another if you sign in with a Microsoft account.
In addition, Windows 10 has other features like your phone, Progressive Web Apps and Windows Subsystem for Linux. Some of these features depend on the Microsoft Store, which Windows Server does not have access to.
If you prefer, you can change Windows 10 to suit your needs and work more like Windows 7.
Windows Server is more Expensive, for
And if you have Windows 7, 8 or 8.1 keys you install Windows 10 for free. Windows Server 2016 licenses are not easy to buy (they are meant for business after all), and they are expensive. If you're a business, depending on your size and needs, a single license can cost between $ 500 and $ 6200. Most buyers instead use a volume license path. Windows Server is mainly made for companies, so it's priced accordingly.
If you are considering a Windows OS for your computer, your best choice is Windows 10. It is still possible to use the Windows 7, 8 or 8.1 key to enable it and the features are custom-made for home use. But if you want a Windows operating system to handle other computers, at home or at work, provide a file server or a web server, Windows Server is the obvious choice.