Microsoft offers Windows 10 in nine separate versions, ranging from Home to Enterprise to Server. Windows 10 IoT (Internet of Things) is the edition you are least likely to own but also one you have probably used more than you realize.
Windows 10 IoT grew out of Windows Embedded
Windows 10 IoT is a development of a previous Windows edition Windows Embedded. If your memory is long enough, you can remember the history of ATMs running Windows XP and need serious updates. These ATMs, and other devices like that, ran Windows Embedded (XPe). The central concept is a discontinued version of the Windows operating system that would work well on less powerful hardware, run a usage scenario or both.
A bank can use this operating system for an ATM, a dealer can use it for a Point of Sale (POS) system, and a manufacturer can use it for a simple prototype unit. But Windows IoT is not just a rebranded version of Windows to take advantage of things, not just for businesses and large companies. It is evident in the two different versions of OS, IOT Enterprise and IoT Core.
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IoT Enterprise is for multiple devices
Microsoft offers Windows 10 IoT in two flavors, Enterprise and Core. The Enterprise version is mainly Windows 10 Enterprise but with additional shutdown controls. With these controls, you can force Windows to display a single kiosk app, for example. Windows still runs in the background, but average users should not have access to these services. If you've gone to a check-in kiosk and noticed that the check-in app has crashed and Windows 10 is in sight, you've probably encountered Windows 10 IoT Enterprise.
Like Windows 10 Enterprise, you can't "buy a license for IoT Enterprise in a store. Microsoft distributes licenses through reseller partners and OEM contracts. Because this is a full version of Windows, you get all the power that comes with it, but a distinct disadvantage: IoT Enterprise will not run on ARM processors.
IoT Core is for simple boards, solo applications and sensors
IoT Core, on the other hand, is removed in comparison, you do not get the entire Windows Shell experience, but the operating system can only run a single Universal Windows program ( UWP) app and background processes, however, IoT Core will run on ARM processors.You would choose IOT Core to run simple programs that may not require so much direct user interaction. For example, the glass thermostat uses IoT Core. Thanks to ARM compatibility, you can run IoT Core on simple boards such as Raspberry Pi.
The latest feature makes the IoT Core an excellent choice for quick prototypes for manufacturers or one-time hobbyist projects. Hackster, a hardware and software development community, hosts a few single IoT Core examples, including a recognized home door, a face recognition door, a smarthome dashboard, and a magic mirror. These are all projects that you can build on your own if you have the necessary skills. Microsoft also demonstrated a Raspberry Pi-driven robot that used Windows IOT and interacted with holograms. It provides the resources required so you can download IoT Core for personal use with a free license.
In addition, IoT Core on a Raspberry Pi or Minnowboard can be coupled with sensors and mechanisms such as cameras, PIR sensors, servos and temperature sensors for extended use. This, in turn, allows Windows 10 to communicate the data collected by these sensors, which is the basic requirement for things of the Internet.
Windows IoT is a choice of end sources for Visual Studio Developers
You might wonder why someone would use Windows IoT instead of some different options like Linux or Android. Most of it looks down to what or who the device is intended for and who does the programming.
The benefits of open source, such as licensing and customization options, are often adorned as big things – and they are. But open source is not the best choice for each scenario. Sometimes, specific projects require end source (or proprietary) software. Some companies and governments (for better or worse) explicitly prohibit the use of open source software in their purchases. Although a company does not ban open source software, it may be incapable of being discouraged or frowned upon. If you are a manufacturer and can work with any of the options, you use anything that makes your customer happy.
But it is another advantage for some people to put the open source against proprietary software debate. Windows 10 IoT binds to Visual Studio, and you can use the IDE to develop programs for it. IoT Core is actually designed to run "headless" (without graphical interface) and will connect to another Windows 10 machine for programming and feedback. If you spend most of your development time in Visual Studio, you can choose Windows 10 IoT instead of an option that can save in learning and setup time. You will be able to put your full experience into immediate use.
The average everyday user will probably not download and use Windows 10 IoT, but that doesn't mean they won't come across it. For the most part, if you are not a developer, this operating system works for you in ways you do not even notice. It could drive the kiosk as you used to order food in a restaurant or prepare your next cocktail. Although you are a developer or someone who likes to dabble as a hobby, but you find the idea of learning an alternative like Linux for time consuming, Windows 10 IoT can be the best option for your next project.