One of the questions I get most often asked if my landscapes are "What settings have you used?" Beginner photographers often feel that there is a magic combination of aperture, shutter speed and ISO that make their images fantastic. While there is much more than that, you understand which settings to use, make it easier to take pictures that match your vision. Let's dig in.
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What you need for landscape photography
Landscape photography is incredibly accessible. All you need is a camera, some lens and a landscape for your subject. Most landscape photographers favor a wide-angle lens as it gives you a better chance of displaying the scale of the landscapes you are photographing.
The good news is that the 18-55mm kit lens that comes with most DSLRs is at the wide end, quite firmly within the focal length that works very well. It corresponds to about 28mm on a full-screen camera. If you really get into landscape photography, you can invest in a wider lens, but at least initially, a standard lens will do.
With that said you can also take landscape shots with long telephoto lenses. They will have a different look, but that doesn't mean they aren't good shots.
When you take landscapes, you often work in low light around the dawn or dusk with narrow openings. That means, as we see in an instant, that you can use a slower shutter speed than you can use the handheld without blurring images. Your first purchase if you get into landscape photography should be a good, stable stand. It will open a wide variety of pictures you might not otherwise be able to take.
There are many other smaller accessories for landscape photography such as remote solutions and neutral density filters that you may want to explore when you get better, but you really don't need them when you start.
Aperture for Landscape
As with lenses, there are not as many hard and fast rules when it comes to camera settings as there are with some other areas of photography, such as portraits. There are circumstances where almost all apertures will be suitable. In general, however, with landscape photography you try to maximize depth of field and sharpness, which means you work in a very specific aperture area.
Most of the time when taking landscape shots and using a tripod, you should use an aperture on between f / 16. In most cases, there is a large balance between depth of field and sharpness. Almost everything in an image that you shoot at f / 16 will be sharp.
This does not mean that you can only use f / 16. Both f / 11 and even f / 8 provide a deep depth of field with wide-angle lens while allowing more light to use faster shutter speed. This is important if you hold the camera in your hand or do not want things to move in the frame.
Shutter speed for landscape
In landscape photography, the shutter speed determines how moving objects look. If you use a tripod, you can extend the shutter speed far beyond what you can use the handheld. This makes it possible to creatively blurred water, people and everything else that moves in a static landscape.
If you are not using a tripod, you are limited by the mutual rule: you should use a shutter speed not slower than 1 / [the full frame equivalent focal length of your lens]. For example, if you use an 18 mm lens on a sensor sensor camera, use a shutter speed of at least 1/30 second (18 x 1.5 crop factor = 27; for more, see our sensor size guide
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If you use a tripod, the only limit is the light, in broad daylight you cannot use super-long shutter speeds without the neutral density filters I mentioned earlier. 19659007]
I go to the work area for landscapes when I use a tripod and not to make any creative long exposures is between about 1/10 of a second and 3 seconds. usually need for good exposure around sunrise or sunset.
ISO for landscape
ISO selection rarely plays in landscape photography if you do not have a tripod or shoot at night If you have one STA Tive, just set the camera to ISO 100 and use longer shutter speeds if you need brighter images.
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If you shoot handhelds, at night or otherwise have a limit on shutter speed, increase your ISO as far as you need. Just remember that it will add digital noise.
Landscape photography is quite flexible in terms of which camera settings you use. A good general guideline, however, is to use a tripod, a shutter speed between 1/10 of a second and three seconds, an aperture between f / 11 and f / 16 and an ISO of 100. This is the setting you have in my head when anytime i start setting up my camera.