Answer: Marie Curie
Polish-French researcher Marie Curie was one of the pioneers in radiation and radioactivity (a term she coined). Through her work in the late 1900s and early 20th century, she radically expanded our knowledge of radiation, radioactive isotopes, and discovered two radioactive element polonium and radium. For her efforts, she was awarded awards and awards including the Nobel Prize in Physics and Chemistry ̵1; she was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, the first person to receive two awards and split the difference to be the only two category winner with Linus Pauling (who won one for chemistry and one for peace).
Unfortunately for the completed Curie, at the time of her research, the effects of radiation on cellular structure were unknown. After years of extensive research into her laboratory management of highly radioactive materials without any protective measures, she led to aplastic anemia – a bone marrow disorder caused by her exposure to ionizing radiation – at age 66. The artifacts found in her laboratory, including her many research books, are still so radioactive that they require special storage and protection equipment to handle.
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