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Who counts as dependent on your taxes and what does that mean for an incentive check?


If you claimed dependence on your 2019 tax return, you should have received $ 500 per dependency in the first round of stimulus checks.

Sarah Tew / CNET

In the first round of coronavirus stimulus controls sent out this spring, eligible American adults received up to $ 1200 by direct deposit, check or EIP debit card – along with an additional $ 500 for 17-year-olds. If any of the proposed new ones coronavirus auxiliary counts is approved, your relatives can count on your family’s total payment, with some changes.

But who exactly is an “addict”, how are they linked to your tax return and would they actually count on a check? This is where things get tricky, and we will break down what to know and how to find answers.

As for final eligibility for who would and would not count, it will not be until the House of Representatives and Senate approve another stimulus package or stand-alone bill that includes a second direct payment. (Here is how fast another check can come after it passes.)

Here’s all you need to know about finding yours depending on your tax return and how it may affect a second incentive payment. (You can also find out how you can claim your relatives if they did not receive $ 500 for your relatives with the first stimulus check.)

Who counts as an addict according to the government?

When it comes to tax law, a subordinate can fall into two categories: a qualified child or a qualified relative. They do not have to be children or directly related to you, but they must meet certain requirements from the IRS.

To claim a qualified child who is dependent on your taxes, they must either be under the age of 19 or be a student under the age of 24 at the end of the calendar year. But if your child is what the IRS calls “permanently and completely disabled,” you can claim them as addicted regardless of age.

To claim a qualified relative, whether a child or an adult, as an addict, they must meet other IRS criteria. This may include an elderly relative who is dependent on your care.

Even if a maintenance claimant was claimed on your tax return, they may not have been entitled to receive money from the first round of stimulus checks due to the requirements of the CARES Act. However, it is likely that some requirements will change if another bill is approved.

Where can I find out how many relatives I have listed on my tax return?

If you filed tax in 2018 or later, you will find your relatives on form 1040, US Individual Income Tax return. In the middle of the first page you will see a box that is dependent. Your relatives, together with their social security number, the relationship with you and whether they are entitled to a child tax deduction or credit for other relatives will be listed there.


Find your dependency on your tax form 1040 for 2019.


How much money can I get for my relatives if a second incentive payment is approved?

The first incentive payment under the two-party CARES law passed in March included $ 500 for people 16 years of age or younger. There was no limit to the number of children who could be considered eligible for maintenance, as long as they were 16 years or younger and required by the taxpayer on their tax return, according to the Tax Foundation.

As another stimulus package has not yet been approved, we do not know exactly how much money will be set aside for relatives. Under Republican support HEALS Act, you would get $ 500 per addict, with no limit on the number of people who could get the money. Under the Democratic Hero Act, you get $ 1,200 per addiction, for up to three people. Both bills would provide these payments for people of all ages, including students and adults, including potentially older relatives who depend on you for care.

How much money you get in a second incentive payment depends on yours adjusted gross income, which you can also find on your taxes. Check out our story at how to calculate how much money you can get in a second check.

What if I have more dependents now than I had on my last tax return?

If a child was born or adopted into your family in 2020 and therefore not listed on your tax return for 2019 that you submitted this year, you can claim them on your tax return for 2020 to receive $ 500 dependent incentive from the CARES Act sometime in 2021 This would probably be the case if a second stimulus check were also approved.

You can also find out if you can claim a child or another relative who depends on your taxes with this tool from the IRS.

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How does it work if I am divorced or legally divorced from my spouse and share custody of a person entitled to maintenance?

A child can only be required as maintenance for a taxpayer during a tax year. The child is usually counted as the guardian’s parent – the parent with whom the child lived for a longer period of the year, even if financial support came from the other parent. However, this is not always the case. Find out more from the IRS here.

What happens if my husband and I share a child but file taxes separately?

In this case, a child can still only be required as dependent on a return during a tax year. To find out who should apply for the child on return, check the IRS information on a qualified child of more than one person.

What happens if my addiction goes away?

If a subordinate was listed on your most recent tax return but has since passed away, it is likely that you still received an additional $ 500 and that they would be included in a second incentive payment. However, a payment made to someone who died before they received it must be returned to the IRS. You can also not claim a stillborn child as an addict, according to the IRS.

Find out for more if you are eligible for a second stimulus check and when you can expect a second stimulus check. If you still have not received a first stimulus check, you can track the status of your stimulus control, learn how to report your missing check to the IRS and find possible reasons why your stimulus control has still not arrived.

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